Diet Guidance Probiotics & Fermented Foods The Ketogenic Diet Unraveled: Benefits, Risks and How to Follow it Correctly

The Ketogenic Diet Unraveled: Benefits, Risks and How to Follow it Correctly


The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, very low-carb diet that has gained popularity for its weight loss and health benefits. This diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates, resulting in a state of ketosis. While this diet has been proven to be effective, it also has its own set of risks and limitations. Here, we break down everything you need to know about the ketogenic diet.

Benefits of the Ketogenic Diet

1. Weight loss: Due to the restriction of carbohydrates, the body enters a state of ketosis, leading to faster weight loss. 2. Improved insulin sensitivity: The diet can lead to better insulin sensitivity in those with type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome. 3. Better mental clarity: The body produces ketones, which can improve focus and energy levels. 4. Potential for epilepsy treatment: The ketogenic diet has been used as a treatment option for epileptic patients since the 1920s.

Risks and Limitations of the Ketogenic Diet

1. Keto flu: When starting the diet, many people experience dehydration, fatigue, and headaches, commonly referred to as the “keto flu.” 2. Nutrient deficiencies: With the limited food options on the diet, it can be difficult to obtain important nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. 3. Digestive issues: The high fat intake can cause digestive issues such as constipation and diarrhea. 4. Unsustainable: The diet can be difficult to maintain for extended periods of time, leading to weight gain after returning to a normal diet.

How to Follow the Ketogenic Diet Correctly

1. Calculate your macronutrient intake: The diet should consist of 75% fat, 20% protein, and 5% carbs. 2. Choose healthy fats: Opt for foods that contain healthy unsaturated fats such as avocados, nuts, and fatty fish. 3. Limit carbohydrates: Limit the intake of carbohydrates to less than 50 grams per day. 4. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water to combat the dehydration that can occur when starting the diet. 5. Speak with a healthcare professional: Before starting any new diet, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it is right for your individual health needs.


The ketogenic diet offers many benefits, but it is important to also consider the risks and limitations before starting. With the proper guidance and understanding, the ketogenic diet can be an effective way to lose weight and improve overall health.

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